Photoset

(Source: phillip-bankss, via mayadile)

Photo
tianatwitty:

Please make this go viral. 
It is so important I don’t even care if you delete what I write here, just help it be seen. 

tianatwitty:

Please make this go viral.

It is so important I don’t even care if you delete what I write here, just help it be seen. 

(via makenzie-rush)

Photo
thewritingcafe:

When analyzing literature (or poetry or film (as many of you like to do with the latter outside of academic settings)), using critical approaches can help you set up your arguments while also giving proper context to whatever it is you are analyzing.
This list is not exhaustive.
HISTORICAL
When you use the historical approach, you look at the society of the time period that surrounds the characters, the author, or the time of creation. I highly suggest using this approach (and the biographical approach, as they are related) when you are talking about social issues within a piece of literature.
You can look at how the society of the author impacted the creation of the character or the behavior of the character (how they interact with others, how they behave in general, how they interact with the environment, their opinions, etc.).
This approach can be used in small bits throughout your analysis to give the proper context for certain words that have changed meaning or time or that we no longer use. This provides a better understanding of the prose.
A sub-type of the historical approach is the sociological approach. By using this, you look at the relationship between society and the author. this is related to the biographical approach, but can also include looking at how the artist reflects or criticizes their own society through their work.
Example:

The historical approach puts a piece of work in its proper context. I’ll use the phenomenon of queer baiting for an example. If a person were to analyze Star Trek: The Original Series for queer baiting without considering the historical context, they might say that the relationship between Kirk and Spock is queer baiting. This is not true. During this time, the only representation available to the gay community was subtext. The relationship between Kirk and Spock was not even subtext, as it was not supposed to be. The concept of queer baiting did not exist during the show’s run. Therefore, the historical context does not support queer baiting. This is true for many works of the past.
Furthermore, you must consider how progressive Star Trek’s cast was for its time. If the original series was written in the late seventies or early eighties instead of the sixties, Roddenberry probably would have included gay characters.

BIOGRAPHICAL
The biographical approach is limited to the author. This approach examines the author’s life in relation to how it has affected or changed their work. For the latter, one might look at an author’s work prior to a traumatic event and after the event to compare how this event has impacted their writing.
When using this approach, look for a good biography of the author. You have to use critical thinking here and make your own conclusions of cause-and-effect based on the evidence you find. However, interviews in which the author speaks of how their life has affected their work can give you a more direct answer. When using direct evidence like that, you should still expand on it. Find specific examples of their work that reflects this evidence.
You can also look at the author’s own morals and values to examine how they have impacted their work and their characters.
Example:

It’s well known that the death of JK Rowling’s mother caused Harry Potter to take a different direction. One of the major themes became death and Rowling was able to personify her depression in the form of dementors. This part of her life had an impact on her writing and therefore is applicable to using a biographical approach.

GENDER
Using the gender approach, also called the feminist approach, refers to examining the gender and sexuality of a work. This does not mean gender and sexuality as in lgbt+, but rather gender roles, expectations, and relations. The gender approach often examines how patriarchal societies in fiction impact the characters in those stories (usually female characters, but sometimes male characters). The historical approach goes well with this one, especially if you are analyzing something written in the past.
I know I said this doesn’t refer to sexual orientation, but that is not ruled out when talking about a character’s sexuality. It’s just that whether they are heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, asexual, pansexual, etc. is not a focus of the analysis.
This approach answers questions like: “Why are all the female characters in X written like Y when the male characters are not?” or it may look at symbolism and how it relates to gender and sexuality (as in, fertility, sexual liberation, etc.).
Example:

Gender:
I could talk about this short story forever so I’m going to try to keep it as short as possible. In Story of an Hour, the protagonist is a woman in the late nineteenth century who learns that her husband has died. To understand the situation, you have to understand the historical context (women do not have financial control, are always under the control of fathers or husbands, etc.). When the character’s husband dies, she finds new freedom. The story itself is full of symbolism of womanhood and freedom. It is important to note that the character is not happy that her husband died (but it was an arranged marriage and she didn’t truly love him), but relieved and joyful in her own freedom. It’s all about her growth. The gender approach here looks at how being a woman has affected the protagonist’s life, thoughts, feelings, ambitions, and outlook on life.
Sexuality:
The short story Bliss is full of symbolism for female sexuality. Everything, from the protagonist’s name, to the use of fruit, to the colors is all about fertility and sexuality. However, there are also hints that the protagonist might be sexually attracted to a female character. When analyzing her sexuality in this way, an emphasis is not put on the gender she is attracted to, but how she is attracted to that person and how this attraction can contribute to the analysis of her sexuality.
Read both stories here:
Bliss
Story of an Hour (I also talked about irony in this story here)

PSYCHOLOGICAL
This approach examines the psyche of the characters through their thoughts, behaviors, actions, and background. Some analyses include a psychoanalysis of characters. For those of you who are studying psychology or for those of you who want to study psychology, this might be good practice for you.
You still need to find examples from the text to support your psychological analysis. Use dialogue, behaviors, actions, reactions, and thoughts to support your claim and don’t take them out of context. You have to provide context.
Example:

During my inevitable high school read of The Catcher in the Rye, my teacher (who was both a psychology and an English teacher) had us psychoanalyze Holden in three different ways.
We first had to using Freudian psychology to assess him, then the psychology that was present during Holden’s time (historical approach), and finally we had to diagnose Holden with a mental illness by using the DSM that was current at the time of the assignment. By using his behaviors, actions, thoughts, and feelings, I diagnosed him with bipolar disorder (I don’t remember which type (I was probably wrong, anyway)). This is an example of the psychological approach.
However, you don’t have to diagnose your characters with anything. You can use text evidence to say that your character is anxious or that their fear is the cause for their irrational decisions. This is the more common approach.

FORMALIST
This is the most common approach and many of you are probably familiar with it. With the formalist approach, you analyze style, metaphors, imagery, symbolism, structure, tone, subtext, and literary devices to analyze a character, scene, chapter, overall story, etc.
Using this approach can get quite intensive. With certain works, almost every word and every punctuation mark can be taken into considering when analyzing. 
If you are analyzing poetry, this approach can be useful. You can analyze how pauses, structure, rhythm, and rhyme all contribute to a certain emotion.
I’m not going to give an example for this one because it would be too long, because there are just too many examples to choose from, and because most of you have been using this approach for your whole life anyway.
MORE:
Writing a Formalist Literary Analysis
Formalism/New Criticism
An Overview and Extended Definition of Formalism in Literature and Theory
Feminist Approach
Mythological/Archetypal/Symbolic Approach
Mythological Approaches
Psychological Approach
Psychological Approaches to Literature
Psychoanalytic Approaches
Post-colonial Criticism
Key Terms in Post-colonial Theory
Post-Colonialism Critical Lens
Marxist Approach
Marxist-Criticism
Marxist Literary Criticism: Brief Guide
Marxist Literary Theory Made Easy

thewritingcafe:

When analyzing literature (or poetry or film (as many of you like to do with the latter outside of academic settings)), using critical approaches can help you set up your arguments while also giving proper context to whatever it is you are analyzing.

This list is not exhaustive.

HISTORICAL

When you use the historical approach, you look at the society of the time period that surrounds the characters, the author, or the time of creation. I highly suggest using this approach (and the biographical approach, as they are related) when you are talking about social issues within a piece of literature.

You can look at how the society of the author impacted the creation of the character or the behavior of the character (how they interact with others, how they behave in general, how they interact with the environment, their opinions, etc.).

This approach can be used in small bits throughout your analysis to give the proper context for certain words that have changed meaning or time or that we no longer use. This provides a better understanding of the prose.

A sub-type of the historical approach is the sociological approach. By using this, you look at the relationship between society and the author. this is related to the biographical approach, but can also include looking at how the artist reflects or criticizes their own society through their work.

Example:

The historical approach puts a piece of work in its proper context. I’ll use the phenomenon of queer baiting for an example. If a person were to analyze Star Trek: The Original Series for queer baiting without considering the historical context, they might say that the relationship between Kirk and Spock is queer baiting. This is not true. During this time, the only representation available to the gay community was subtext. The relationship between Kirk and Spock was not even subtext, as it was not supposed to be. The concept of queer baiting did not exist during the show’s run. Therefore, the historical context does not support queer baiting. This is true for many works of the past.

Furthermore, you must consider how progressive Star Trek’s cast was for its time. If the original series was written in the late seventies or early eighties instead of the sixties, Roddenberry probably would have included gay characters.

BIOGRAPHICAL

The biographical approach is limited to the author. This approach examines the author’s life in relation to how it has affected or changed their work. For the latter, one might look at an author’s work prior to a traumatic event and after the event to compare how this event has impacted their writing.

When using this approach, look for a good biography of the author. You have to use critical thinking here and make your own conclusions of cause-and-effect based on the evidence you find. However, interviews in which the author speaks of how their life has affected their work can give you a more direct answer. When using direct evidence like that, you should still expand on it. Find specific examples of their work that reflects this evidence.

You can also look at the author’s own morals and values to examine how they have impacted their work and their characters.

Example:

It’s well known that the death of JK Rowling’s mother caused Harry Potter to take a different direction. One of the major themes became death and Rowling was able to personify her depression in the form of dementors. This part of her life had an impact on her writing and therefore is applicable to using a biographical approach.

GENDER

Using the gender approach, also called the feminist approach, refers to examining the gender and sexuality of a work. This does not mean gender and sexuality as in lgbt+, but rather gender roles, expectations, and relations. The gender approach often examines how patriarchal societies in fiction impact the characters in those stories (usually female characters, but sometimes male characters). The historical approach goes well with this one, especially if you are analyzing something written in the past.

I know I said this doesn’t refer to sexual orientation, but that is not ruled out when talking about a character’s sexuality. It’s just that whether they are heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, asexual, pansexual, etc. is not a focus of the analysis.

This approach answers questions like: “Why are all the female characters in X written like Y when the male characters are not?” or it may look at symbolism and how it relates to gender and sexuality (as in, fertility, sexual liberation, etc.).

Example:

Gender:

I could talk about this short story forever so I’m going to try to keep it as short as possible. In Story of an Hour, the protagonist is a woman in the late nineteenth century who learns that her husband has died. To understand the situation, you have to understand the historical context (women do not have financial control, are always under the control of fathers or husbands, etc.). When the character’s husband dies, she finds new freedom. The story itself is full of symbolism of womanhood and freedom. It is important to note that the character is not happy that her husband died (but it was an arranged marriage and she didn’t truly love him), but relieved and joyful in her own freedom. It’s all about her growth. The gender approach here looks at how being a woman has affected the protagonist’s life, thoughts, feelings, ambitions, and outlook on life.

Sexuality:

The short story Bliss is full of symbolism for female sexuality. Everything, from the protagonist’s name, to the use of fruit, to the colors is all about fertility and sexuality. However, there are also hints that the protagonist might be sexually attracted to a female character. When analyzing her sexuality in this way, an emphasis is not put on the gender she is attracted to, but how she is attracted to that person and how this attraction can contribute to the analysis of her sexuality.

Read both stories here:

PSYCHOLOGICAL

This approach examines the psyche of the characters through their thoughts, behaviors, actions, and background. Some analyses include a psychoanalysis of characters. For those of you who are studying psychology or for those of you who want to study psychology, this might be good practice for you.

You still need to find examples from the text to support your psychological analysis. Use dialogue, behaviors, actions, reactions, and thoughts to support your claim and don’t take them out of context. You have to provide context.

Example:

During my inevitable high school read of The Catcher in the Rye, my teacher (who was both a psychology and an English teacher) had us psychoanalyze Holden in three different ways.

We first had to using Freudian psychology to assess him, then the psychology that was present during Holden’s time (historical approach), and finally we had to diagnose Holden with a mental illness by using the DSM that was current at the time of the assignment. By using his behaviors, actions, thoughts, and feelings, I diagnosed him with bipolar disorder (I don’t remember which type (I was probably wrong, anyway)). This is an example of the psychological approach.

However, you don’t have to diagnose your characters with anything. You can use text evidence to say that your character is anxious or that their fear is the cause for their irrational decisions. This is the more common approach.

FORMALIST

This is the most common approach and many of you are probably familiar with it. With the formalist approach, you analyze style, metaphors, imagery, symbolism, structure, tone, subtext, and literary devices to analyze a character, scene, chapter, overall story, etc.

Using this approach can get quite intensive. With certain works, almost every word and every punctuation mark can be taken into considering when analyzing. 

If you are analyzing poetry, this approach can be useful. You can analyze how pauses, structure, rhythm, and rhyme all contribute to a certain emotion.

I’m not going to give an example for this one because it would be too long, because there are just too many examples to choose from, and because most of you have been using this approach for your whole life anyway.

MORE:

(via clevergirlhelps)

Video

hobgoblinhero:

hanari-502:

wastelandbanditorion:

This guy’s vines give me life

Thomas Sanders is a gift to this world

I have a theory on Thomas Sanders that he can control minds and rather than using this gift for evil, he uses it to make funny vines. Like, a classroom full of kids? mind control. The teacher of the class? mind control. Cop pulls him over? you better believe that dude is gonna sing Don’t Stop Believing with him, mind control. 

(Source: skeleton-wastelandbanditorion, via thedailylaughs)

Tags: video
Photo

【幼児化】ワンピース
Video

hollowweiners:

If you don’t know what a real lion’s roar sounds like, here you go

(via bananafishrepublic)

Text

superdoctorstarkidpotterlock:

DO YOU EVER SEE SOMETHING SO POORLY WRITTEN THAT YOU ACTUALLY REWRITE IT IN YOUR HEAD AS YOU’RE READING ALONG

(via makenzie-rush)

Photoset

farorescourage:

busket:

sixpenceee:

alloursongswillbelullabies:

sixpenceee:

Doesn’t that look beautiful?

Like something you’d find on one of those soft/nature blogs?

Well you are in for a surprise

The Bolton Strid in England is one of the most innocent looking streams. 

Though it looks like you could just hop across the rocks, but if you miss you will die for sure. It packs very rapid currents just a couple of feet below its surface. No one really knows how deep it really is. Nobody who has ever fallen into the Strid has survived. It has a 100% fatality rate.

It’s always the things I google expecting to be false that wind up being horribly true.

I forgot to add but here is a SOURCE

"It’s relatively common for people to assume they can jump the creek, walk across its stones or even wade through it (again, just looking at it, the Strid really seems to be only knee-deep in places, and certainly not the instant, precipitous drop into a watery grave that it is). Most of the time, they never even find the body. Which means there are just dozens of corpses down there, pinned to the walls of the underground chasms, waiting for you to join them…"

how dare you leave out the best quote

It’s exactly how water works in a video game: It looks all stupid and harmless, but the second your foot touches the surface, you get some bullshit drowning animation and die instantly.”

(via notexactlylegal)

Tags: oh tumblr
Photoset

ekayart:

This is my headcanon on Tuffnut’s new hair.

(via makenzie-rush)

Photo
belt:

I like to have white or ambient noise playing while I study, so I thought I’d share a list of my favourite websites in case anyone else was interested.
Rainymood - Allows you to play rain, with suggestions of ambient music to play at the same time. Has an iOS and Android app, my personal favourite.
Calm - A visually beautiful website. Provides moving backgrounds and an option for guided calm which allows you to immerse yourself in the music and to relax. Has a free app for iPhone. Another one of my favourites.
Showertime - The experience of taking a shower without the water. Allows you to control features such as length of shower, size of room, water pressure, etc.
Coffitivity - The background noise of a coffee shop. Allows you to choose between different locations such as lunchtime lounge, morning murmur  etc. Has an app for iOS and Android as well as a desktop app for OS X.
Soundrown - A website with a sleek minimalist design, allows you to choose between rain, coffee shop, ocean, fire, bird noises, or a combination of the five.
Relaxing Snow - Visually beautiful falling snow, the website gives you the opinion to play music with the scenery, or to choose your own.
Raining.Fm - This website gives you the ability to adjust the rain to exactly how you’d like it, with options to tweak thunder, rain and storm noises. Has an app for iOS and Android, as well as a timer and snooze option.
Rain For Me - Simple rain effects with the option to download the audio files for offline listening.
Snowy Mood - Inspired by Rainy Mood, this website really makes you feel like it’s winter. Perfect for playing while snuggled up in a warm bed.
Rainy Cafe - Combines the sounds of a bustling cafe setting with the sounds of drizzling rain. Allows you to select the volume of each setting, or turn one off completely.

belt:

I like to have white or ambient noise playing while I study, so I thought I’d share a list of my favourite websites in case anyone else was interested.

  1. Rainymood - Allows you to play rain, with suggestions of ambient music to play at the same time. Has an iOS and Android app, my personal favourite.
  2. Calm - A visually beautiful website. Provides moving backgrounds and an option for guided calm which allows you to immerse yourself in the music and to relax. Has a free app for iPhone. Another one of my favourites.
  3. Showertime - The experience of taking a shower without the water. Allows you to control features such as length of shower, size of room, water pressure, etc.
  4. Coffitivity - The background noise of a coffee shop. Allows you to choose between different locations such as lunchtime lounge, morning murmur  etc. Has an app for iOS and Android as well as a desktop app for OS X.
  5. Soundrown - A website with a sleek minimalist design, allows you to choose between rain, coffee shop, ocean, fire, bird noises, or a combination of the five.
  6. Relaxing Snow - Visually beautiful falling snow, the website gives you the opinion to play music with the scenery, or to choose your own.
  7. Raining.Fm - This website gives you the ability to adjust the rain to exactly how you’d like it, with options to tweak thunder, rain and storm noises. Has an app for iOS and Android, as well as a timer and snooze option.
  8. Rain For Me - Simple rain effects with the option to download the audio files for offline listening.
  9. Snowy Mood - Inspired by Rainy Mood, this website really makes you feel like it’s winter. Perfect for playing while snuggled up in a warm bed.
  10. Rainy Cafe - Combines the sounds of a bustling cafe setting with the sounds of drizzling rain. Allows you to select the volume of each setting, or turn one off completely.

(via aech-fic)

Tags: materpost
Video

ge0rgespoopyton:

Viva Namida - Yasuyuki Okamura

(via applesama)

Photo
amandaonwriting:

250 ways to say ‘went’
Buy the Poster: WriteAtHome

amandaonwriting:

250 ways to say ‘went’

Buy the Poster: WriteAtHome

(via thewritingcafe)

Text

dreamboatshield:

romakoto:

tifamex:

romakoto:

(plays the guitar)

Feliz Navidad
Feliz Navidad
Feliz Navidad
Prospero Ano y Felicidad

(aggressively headbangs)

I WANNA WISH YOU A MERRY CHRISTMAS
I WANNA WISH YOU A MERRY CHRISTMAS
I WANNA WISH YOU A MERRY CHRISTMAS
FROM THE BOTTOM OF MY HEAAAART

a flourishing anus and happiness for you too

OH.

Why Accent Marks Are Important In Spanish
Lesson 1

(via makenzie-rush)

Photoset

gabrielhiccup:

A W E S O M E !!!

(Source: graphrofberk, via peachdoxie)

Video

24-karat-vagina:

carryonlordof221b:

mordecai-put-your-phone-away:

TWO QUESTIONS: ONE, HOW DID HE GET ALL OF HIS FRIENDS TO FOLLOW THROUGH AND TWO, HOW ARE THE TEACHERS ON BOARD WITH HIM MAKING VINES DURING CLASS???

I can’t decide which is funnier: the kid in the front who high-fives himself then just rips paper in anger, the girl who magically loses her sweater, or the two kids in the back right who go from lovers to mortal enemies

The longer i watch this the funnier it gets

(via thedailylaughs)

Tags: video